The IE peoples were a mixture of west Eurasians surviving the ice age.
The neolithic ended with the proto groups of no less than the Europeans (west), finnics (north-center) caucasian-iranics(center), and Turkics (northeast).
There is some disruption around the black sea, likely the deluge, changing the freshwater center of humans in Eurasia, like the freshwater region of south-central Africa where humans evolved.
Freshwater to saltwater changes human radiation patterns, particularly into the marshes of the Euphrates in eastern Anatolia northern Mesopotamia.
By combining horse, bronze, wheel, The IE expansion occurs due to conflict between the european and caucasian-iranics. Speculation is that this is why the religions bifurcated into those competing with gods (west) and those subject to gods (east).
The IE Expansion covered everything from the Tip of Spain to the interior of China.
The Eastern IE branches and some migrate east eventually into the Indus river either causing or finishing the collapse of the Indus river civilization, and creating the indo’s or iranic-Dravidians.
The other branch migrates south, into today’s Persia, and then backward wast, under the Caspian, into the caucuses.
The Levantine Caucasians(black sea) are gone. The original Caucasians(black sea) are almost gone. the Anatolian Caucasians (black sea) are entirely gone. The old european Caucasians (Balkans, black sea) are almost gone.
The neolithic farmer population that survived in the Balkans (old Europe), southern Italy, and Sardinia are all that remain.
The Western IE expansion eradicated every male, leaving only the females.
The Center of cultural development was between the baltic and the black sea in what is today’s Poland and Ukraine.
The Aristocracy, in another migration, conquered downward into old Europe – the migration that appears to have caused the bronze age collapse, enslaving the neolithic farmers, creating what we think of as Greece.
West Indo Europeans share
The Indo European language, Heroic, Militaristic, Expansionist, Paternalistic, Sky Worshipping, Metalworking, entrepreneurial warfare of conquest, using technology professional warriors, horse, and chariot, financed by families, and then profiting from conquest by tripartism: the domestication of human animals from slaves, to freemen, to ‘sovereigns’, under the traditional law of trespass (tort, property), where every man is sovereign, reciprocity the means of dispute resolution, restitution demanded in all but cowardice or adultery – the only capital crimes.
Sorry, Greece was just the first set of Europeans to hold seafaring territory (or flood river plain) so that trade was sufficient that writing and numbers were necessary, and as such, imported like all others, the technologies of
The origin of the proto-European Genome is a bottleneck during the ice age.
The origin of Ethnic Europeans is Ukraine. (Yamna)
The origin of European civilization is Poland. (corded ware)
The origin of European WRITTEN thought is Greece
The origin of european administration is Rome
The conquest of European people was by undermining with Semitic religions during the migration of the germanic into the void left by Rome’s genocide against the Celts, and pressure from the next steppe migration.
But it was the Muslim destruction of trade routes, and every great civilization of the ancient world that destroyed the european economy. And between the church’s spreading of superstition and ignorance and submission, instead of roman spreading of literacy, infrastructure, and trade, Europe suffered the Semitic (Abrahamic) dark ages.
The restoration of european trade was Lotharingia (Italy to north sea through Germany), he Viking raids establishing trade to Byzantium,, the german through the north sea and Baltics under the Hansa, the Spanish, French, and English across the Atlantic.
The restoration of european thought was the North Sea (England France(geometry-measures instead of just algebra-words), and Scotland). And with the founding of the royal society, science was restored.
Until Marx, Boaz, Freud, Adorno, cantor, Derrida, and countless others reformed supernatural Abrahamic deceit into pseudoscientific Abrahamic deceit and sold a new network of false promise and deceit to underclasses, minorities (slaves in the old world) and women – always vulnerable to ‘free stuff’ false promises rather than the burden of darwin’s truths.
Aristotle wrote down his people’s way of life by studying constitutions. He did the best he could and no other in human history compared. Plato tried to import Persian tyranny. Socrates tried to import Semitic undermining. Aristotle had both of them to observe and wrote down instead, what had made Europeans achieve: truthful testimony about the world by empirical evidence and empirical evidence alone.
Which is exactly what I do now that we no longer are ignorant of the physical laws of the universe.
So, no more lies.
European = Heroism, excellence, beauty + Truth and Duty, Sovereignty reciprocity. jury and the law of tort, and the markets in all aspects of life that result, and the eugenic suppression of the underclasses by those markets, and the continuous rapid evolution of european man as a result. That is the reason for european success in the ancient world and in the modern: Truth Before Face, Regardless of cost.
Which is something only heroes can bear.
I never, ever, ever, err.