Feb 11, 2020, 7:49 AM
All events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes external to human thought (will). We categorize this limitation as constraining causality to realism (the universe exists) and naturalism (causes are independent of human thought and human thought has no influence on causality except through action). Some philosophers have taken determinism to imply that individual human beings have no free will and cannot be held morally responsible for their actions.
In science, determinism means that the universe demonstrates regularity and therefore we can identify general rules (laws of nature).
I don’t pay much attention to philosophy – it’s mostly nonsense. If you can’t say it in testimony: math, logic, science, economics or law then it’s probably nonsense.
And yeah. The vocabulary, grammar, and logic of economics includes psychology, sociology, politics, and group strategy.