(FB 1552158788 Timestamp)
ANOTHER TAKE ON THE IE EXPANSION
Stage 1: “ORIGINATION”
Some pre-IE languages are also indicated:
- Vasconic is tentatively associated here with Neolithic languages of Thessalian origin (my main working hypothesis). It would at the time be the largest European language family therefore.
- Uralic should be right north of the early Indoeuropeans, what explains their ancestral Sprachbund.
Pelasgian indicates the language of Vinca-Dimini (Grey Ware), which was a limited intrusion c. 5000 BCE with origins related to Tell Halaf most likely.
Stage 2: “EXPANSION”
The main outline of the Indo-european expansion. Some other cultures and languages are indicated in gray colors for context. At this point we should have the seeds of:
– Anatolian (Maykop)
– Tocharian (Afanasevo, in Altai)
– Indo-Iranian (Yamna)
– Western Indo-european (Baalberge): a large subfamily that would give birth to Balto-Slavic, Germanic, Celtic and Italic.
– Possible seeds of Tracian, Greek, etc. in the Balcanic Kurgans, an ill-defined group that would nevertheless plunder and radically alter the ethnic geography of the Eastern Balcans (see next map).
Stage 3: “CONSOLIDATION”
- The Anatolian branch goes into Asia with the Kura-Araxes culture.
The Eastern Balcans are divided between two cultures:
- Cotofeni, more purely Kurgan and a candidate for Greek origins
- Ezero, rather Dniepr-Don (â Sredny-Stog II) cultural inheritance. Surely proto-Thracians and hence a candidate for the origin of Armenian (via Phrygians).
Expansion of Yamna (proto-Indo-Iranians) and therefore liquidation of Dniepr-Don Neolithic
Consolidation and first expansion of the Western IE branch (Globular Amphorae). It may be important to note that in the BaalbergeâââGlobular Amphorae period, this Kurgan culture experimented various influences that may be considered Vasconic: the Danubian substrate, the powerful southern Danubian culture of Baden and the Northernly Funnelbeaker influence, associated to Atlantic Megalithism.
Stage 4: “COMPLETION”
Setting the proto-historical scenario with some further expansions.
- Corded Ware: a major expansion of the Western IE group to the West, East and North.
Vucedol: probably associated with the previous, eradicates the Danubian culture in their homeland (only Foltesti in Moldavia would survive for some more time within this important Neolithic macro-culture). Vucedol would be another candidate for Greek origins for their use of the architectural concept of megaron.
Catacombs culture’s origins are debated but it’s clearly Kurgan in any case.
Poltavka represents continuity with the seed of the Kurgan/Indoeuropean phenomenon and its later evolution leads directly to Indo-Iranians.
It should be noted that, synchronously with the Corded Ware expansion, the Megalithic bowmen of Artenac culture expanded from Dordogne, subsuming the last Western Danubian groups all the way to Belgium. This culture was probably proto-Aquitanian.
A whole millennium of stability followed at the new Rhine border, crossed only by the likely traders of the Bell Beaker phenomenon.